The Indonesian government has decided to move the country’s capital from Jakarta because it is sinking. It will be relocated near Mount Kinabalu, in East Malaysia. The decision was made after a study that found there are about 27 million people living below sea level in Indonesia, and experts say there could be as many as 50 million by 2040 if nothing changes soon.
Indonesia is going to get a new capital on Borneo Island because Jakarta is sinking. The move will cost $17 billion, but it’s the only way to save the city from flooding.
Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, is presently located on Java Island. The nation will cease to exist after a new capital is established on Borneo Island. The future capital will be in a sparsely inhabited forest section of Borneo. President Joko Widodo’s megaproject calls for a $32.5 billion expenditure to develop the new capital. Nusantara, a Javanese word for the Indonesian archipelago, would be its name. “The new capital has a fundamental purpose and is a symbol of the nation’s identity, as well as a new center of economic gravity,” Planning Minister Suharso Monoarfa told lawmakers.
According to Al Jazeera, preparations to transfer the government from Jakarta have been in the works for a long time, and it may soon be a reality.
Jakarta is a thriving city with a population of ten million people. Indonesia has a population of approximately 270 million people, with Java accounting for roughly half of them. Travel is difficult due to chronic congestion, and the city is plagued by floods and pollution. The worst thing is the harsh fact that it is sinking due to excessive groundwater extraction. President Joko Widodo has previously said that the capital will be relocated in 2019. The epidemic, on the other hand, hampered development.
Indonesia’s new capital.
The new capital, Nusantara, will be 1,250 miles northeast of Jakarta. It will be a “super hub” with a minimal carbon footprint. Jakarta, the current capital, is a highly populated location on Java Island. The new site, on the other hand, is in the heart of Indonesia.
It will benefit from the fact that it will be located in a region devoid of natural calamities. According to Al Jazeera, the new site will benefit industries such as pharmaceuticals, health care, and technology. Beyond Java Island, it will foster long-term development.
Approximately 900,000 people now reside in the region designated as the future capital. For the projected metropolis, the government has set aside roughly 445,000 acres.
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On a basic estimate, relocating the administrative center would take a decade. The state will contribute a portion of the $32.5 billion in expenses. The remaining funds would come from non-traditional sources such as public-private partnerships and private investment. In April of last year, more than 70 people were killed in Indonesia by flash floods and landslides.
Indonesia’s natural equilibrium might be jeopardized.
The relocation of Indonesia’s capital is required. However, there has been some criticism of the new site. Environmentalists believe that the move will disrupt the region’s natural equilibrium. It will expedite the extinction of forests that support a diverse range of animals. Orangutans, sun bears, and long-nosed monkeys may all be found in Indonesia.
Furthermore, pollution from the coal mining and palm oil sectors would grow. Other nations, such as Brazil and Myanmar, have previously established new capitals. A volcano in Indonesia killed at least 13 people in December 2021, with many more wounded or missing.
Indonesia has officially announced the location of its future capital on the island of Borneo.
According to the , the name of Indonesia’s new capital. will be Nusantara. It means “archipelago” in Javanese. The reason for relocation was the rapid sinking of Jakarta attributed to the over-extraction of groundwater. It sits on swampy land on the large island of Java and suffers from overcrowding and pollution. The region has jungles rich in minerals and an orangutan population.
Relocating Jakarta would be one of the most significant infrastructure projects ever undertaken by the Indonesian government. Environmental concerns have been raised by critics of the planned new capital. According to them, the new city’s development will result in the growth of palm-oil plantations and the degradation of a region rich in wildlife and verdant rainforests.
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Indonesia is planning to move the capital of Indonesia, Jakarta, because it is sinking. The new capital will be on Borneo Island and will be called Kalimantan. Reference: kalimantan new capital.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why did Indonesia decide to move the location of its capital from Jakarta to Borneo?
A: The capital of Indonesia is currently located in Borneo, a large and mountainous island. However, many people felt that the country was too centralized around Jakarta. Therefore, they decided to move the capital to Bangka Belitung Islands which are an archipelago off from Java Island on Kalimantan Province
Why does Indonesia want a new capital city?
A: There are a lot of people in Indonesia and they have been fighting over the new capital city for a while. The main reason that they want it is because Jakarta, the current capital, is overcrowded and has too many cars.
Is Indonesia getting a new capital?
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